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Starzenie się populacji. Aktywizacja, koprodukcja i integracja społeczna osób starszych

Monographs
Grzegorz Gawron, Andrzej Klimczuk, Zofia Szweda-Lewandowska
G. Gawron, A. Klimczuk, Z. Szweda-Lewandowska, Starzenie się populacji. Aktywizacja, koprodukcja i integracja społeczna osób starszych, Wyd. Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, Katowice 2021, 182s. https://doi.org/10.31261/PN.4035.
Publication year: 2021

The study is illustrative and theoretical in nature, as it was based on a review of the available literature on the subject (Polish and foreign). The publication is addressed to both scholars and students dealing with the subjects of population ageing, old age, and older adults, as well as to a growing group of practitioners interested in these issues, including politicians and decision-makers as well as representatives of public services, the media, and non-governmental organizations.

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Population ageing, total population growth, international migration and urbanization are four global demographic trends that are directly reflected in the functioning and directions of development at all organizational levels – from global and international, to from national to regional and local.
The identified changes in the age structure constitute a significant challenge for all societies. This is why this process is of particular interest to a variety of social, political, and scientific groups, which, through the public debate that has been going on for at least several decades, are trying to explain and respond to the observed changes. However, the interpretation of this increased attention can take on a strongly dichotomous character. This is because, on the one hand, thanks to the widespread interest in the ageing process, its descriptions gain an interdisciplinary, transdisciplinary, and multidisciplinary perspective. As a result, the ageing process ceases to keep secrets from us, and the accumulated knowledge grows, supplementing the existing image of this process with new, previously unknown faces. On the other hand, however, the fact that the ageing process remains the object of the increased interest of representatives of many scientific disciplines who use their conceptual apparatus results in the emergence of a multidimensional but not always a coherent image of the analysed fragments of social reality. This common interest contributes to a significant stratification of the definition and interpretation sphere used in descriptions and attempts to explain the issues raised.
Therefore, an essential task for the world of science is to properly delimit and configure (systematize) the accumulated knowledge, which should serve the development of the possibility of its application in practice. Hence, the idea to prepare the presented volume, the main research objective of which is to attempt to compile selected concepts, models, and theories functioning in the scientific circulation in the thematic area identified with the activity and activation of older people and the public policy towards of an ageing population. The study is illustrative and theoretical, as it is based on a literature review on the subject (Polish and foreign), a review of expert opinions and analyses prepared at the request of national and international institutions, as well as legal acts and other documents, the records of which turned out to be helpful in the conducted analyses.
The content of this volume corresponds to the three research questions posed. Firstly, by making a general description of the population ageing (pointing to its main determinants and the observed dynamics), an attempt has been made to identify the most critical consequences and challenges related to the observed changes in the age structure on a global scale and in individual societies. Secondly, efforts have been made to identify the fundamental differences in meaning and the resulting implications of using various concepts concerning the description and stimulation of activity, productivity, and social integration of people of immobile working age and older age. Thirdly, the focus has been placed on determining what the recommendations for public policy are with regard to population ageing due to the presence in the scientific and expert circulation of many interpretations of changes related to the emergence of post-industrial social policy. The structure of the presented study finally consists of parts – chapters – prepared in such a way that, on the one hand, they constitute a coherent set verifying and systematizing the concepts and interpretations of issues present in the literature, and on the other hand, they clearly show the reader, in line with the authors’ acceptance, one of the possible critical paths of analysis.
The first chapter is a kind of introduction to the discussed issues because its task is to familiarize the reader with the interpretations of basic concepts functioning in the literature, such as ageing, old age, and longevity, but also to serve as a reference to the category of immobile people in working age or older people in the perspective of the life cycle. The theoretical, conceptual framework identified in this way, associated with the population ageing process, was supplemented with the presentation of demographic data aggregated at various levels of generality, which refer to selected indicators and measures used in the statistical analysis of the process discussed. In this way, the desired effect of multidimensionality has been obtained, both in terms of theoretical considerations and in terms of the presentation of statistical distribution reflecting the specificity of the dynamics of the ageing visible in the European Union (EU) and Poland.
The second chapter is entirely focused on defining the concepts of activity, activation, productivity, as well as social and professional integration of people in the age of immobility and older adults. Therefore, the reader will find in it a critical literature review, which also gives a chance to receive information about the connections between the issues mentioned. Their significant supplementation is also a reference to the concept of productivity of older people and the observed interpretation changes of this issue, manifested in the qualitative expansion of the thematic planes that make up its conceptual framework.
In the third chapter, the authors attempt to present the differentiation of the concept of public policy on ageing. Therefore, the reader can become familiar with the interpretations of the impact of demographic changes and other conditions on post-industrial social policy present in the literature on the subject. So, here the authors focus, among others, on the concepts of active, coherent, and investment social policy implemented in the context of the ageing process, but also references to selected concepts of stimulating social and professional activation of people in immobile age and older adults. This is primarily about the social aspect of productivity, the analyses of which, especially at the beginning of the 21st century, contributed to a kind of restitution, an almost forgotten concept of co-production. Relating the conceptual considerations in the literature concerning this phenomenon occurring and developing within public services to the issue of the population ageing, the authors also present a silver (senior) adaptation of co-production. The whole publication concludes with an analysis of the concept of preparation for longevity and the potential application of behavioral economics tools in public policy on longevity.
The publication is addressed both to scientists and students focused on the topic of population ageing, old age, and older people, as well as to a growing group of practitioners interested in these issues, including politicians and decision-makers, representatives of public services, representatives of the media and non-governmental organizations. The authors hope that the presented results of the conducted query will prove helpful for the reader both in defining the conceptual framework of the issues under consideration and in attempts to adapt and implement the assumptions of the concepts cited in the realities of the social life of specific communities. Thus, the added value of the presented volume will be the systemic valorization of old age, which-similarly to the earlier phases in human life-should serve further development and self-realization.

Perspectives and Theories of Social Innovation for Ageing Population

Monographs
Klimczuk, Andrzej; Tomczyk, Łukasz
Klimczuk, A., & Tomczyk, Ł. (Eds.). (2020). Perspectives and Theories of Social Innovation for Ageing Population. Lausanne: Frontiers Media. https://doi.org/10.3389/978-2-88963-620-4
Publication year: 2020

In recent years we may observe increasing interest in the development of social innovation both regarding theory as well as the practice of responding to social problems and challenges. One of the crucial challenges at the beginning of the 21st century is population ageing. Various new and innovative initiatives, programs, schemes, and projects to respond to negative consequences of this demographic process are emerging around the world. However, social theories related to ageing are still insufficiently combined with these new practices, social movements, organisational models, and institutions. Many scholars are still using notions and tools from classical theories of social gerontology or the sociology of ageing such as disengagement theory, activity theory, and successful and productive ageing. Such theories do not sufficiently explain ageing in the context of, for example, a broad use of the information and communications technologies (ICTs) including robotics and automation, new healthcare and long-term care models, advancements in the development and governance of age-friendly environments, and public engagement of older adults into co-production of services delivered by public, private, non-governmental as well as non-formal entities.

Between Successful and Unsuccessful Ageing: Selected Aspects and Contexts

Monographs
Tomczyk, Łukasz; Klimczuk, Andrzej
Tomczyk, Ł., & Klimczuk, A. (Eds.). (2019). Between Successful and Unsuccessful Ageing: Selected Aspects and Contexts. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie. https://doi.org/10.24917/9788395373718
Publication year: 2019

We provide to readers the 11th volume of the “Czech-Polish-Slovak Studies in Andragogy and Social Gerontology” series. We are delighted to announce that the presented study is the result of the work of scientists from seven countries: Austria, China, Ghana, Hungary, Japan, Poland, and Russia. This international collection of texts is part of the global discourse on the determinants of adult education and the functioning of people in late adulthood. The 11th volume is a collection of research results that show both the positive and negative dimensions of ageing through the prism of research experience from various geographical and cultural areas. The researchers invited to the presented volume tried to illustrate the issues assigned to the following topics: ageing with dignity; retirement age; assumptions and conditions resulting from living in the home; the relationship between challenges concerning life expectancy and needs; care and ageing services; and foundations and potential changes in pension systems. The research results presented in this volume have a common denominator, which is caring for the quality of life of the older people regardless of their place of residence. Thus, the study “Between Successful and Unsuccessful Ageing: Selected Aspects and Contexts” brings new insights from scientists who scrupulously characterize the complexity of processes that affect the positive and negative conditions of functioning in old age, which is a mosaic of various nuances. Inviting readers to familiarize themselves with the content of the monograph, we would like to thank the reviewers who contributed to the improvement of the quality of the texts and open new fields for participation in further joint publishing projects.

Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy

Monographs
Tomczyk, Łukasz, and Andrzej Klimczuk, eds.
Ł. Tomczyk, A. Klimczuk (eds.), Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie, Kraków 2017, 258pp.
Publication year: 2017

This volume-“Selected Contemporary Challenges of Aging Policy”-is the most international of all published monographs from the series “Czech-Polish-Slovak Studies in Andragogy and Social Gerontology.” Among the scholars trying to grasp the nuances and trends of social policy, there are diverse perspectives, resulting not only from the extensive knowledge of the authors on the systematic approach to the issue of supporting older people but also from the grounds of the represented social gerontology schools. In the texts of Volume VII interesting are both distinct and coherent elements presenting the role of local, regional and global policies in the prism of the countries from which the authors originate: the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia, Italy, Turkey, and the United States.
The chapters show a wealth of methodological approaches to the perception of social policy and its tools. In the texts there are issues related to the idea of active ageing, discrimination against older people in the workplace, comparability of solutions friendly to employment of older adults in the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia as well as focused on the importance of educational forms (universities of the third age, senior clubs, folk high schools, and other non-formal solutions) determining an active life in old age.
This monograph also attempted to answer the question regarding how to transfer the idea of intergenerational learning into the realm of practice. This issue complements the chapter on the implementation of intergenerational programs in institutions providing long-term care support. The book also outlines a public policy on ageing in the perspective of the changes over the last few decades (Slovenia) and the case demonstrating solutions to accelerate self-reliance as a key to active ageing (Turkey).
We hope that seventh volume of our series will be an intellectual stimulus for further international research on change in social policy and will contribute to the dissemination of best practices as well as contribute to positive social change.

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Braziene, Ruta. 2017. “Age and Workplace Discrimination in Lithuania.” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 53-68. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: This paper aims to disclose an expression of age and workplace discrimination in the Lithuanian labor market. The paper is discussing theoretical aspects of age discrimination and presents the results of the sociological survey research results carried out in 2014. The purpose of this paper is to disclose age and workplace discrimination at the Lithuanian labor market. Analysis of scientific literature and quantitative research results allows to state that older adults are experiencing discrimination because of, among others, their age, gender, and stereotypes. Research results revealed that age and workplace discrimination is increasing with the age of the respondents, e.g., the expression in older age groups is more intensive. For the age group of 40-50, age discrimination is lower than the full sample average. Age discrimination is exposing for the age group of 56-60 and is the most intensive for persons 60 years old and older. The research results revealed that older employees have obstacles for career and future perspectives; older people are more often facing discriminative behavior, lacking social justice, insufficient personal respect labor relations, and are more often experiencing pressure to leave the job or facing unreasonable dismissal.
Key words: Age Discrimination, Labor Market, Older Workers

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Del Gobbo, Giovanna, Glenda Galeotti, and Gilda Esposito. 2017. “Intergenerational Education for Social Inclusion and Solidarity: The Case Study of the EU Funded Project “Connecting Generations”.” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 149-187. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: This paper reflects on lessons learned from a validated model of international collaboration based on research and practice. During the European Year for Active Ageing (2012), a partnership of seven organizations from the European Union (EU) plus Turkey implemented the Lifelong Learning Programme partnership “Connecting Generations” which involved universities, non-governmental organizations, third age Universities and municipalities in collaboration with local communities. Reckoning that Europe has dramatically changed in its demographic composition and is facing brand new challenges regarding intergenerational and intercultural solidarity, each partner formulated and tested innovative and creative practices that could enhance better collaboration and mutual understanding between youth and senior citizens, toward a more inclusive Europe for all. Several innovative local practices have been experimented, attentively systematized and peer-valuated among the partners. On the basis of a shared theoretical framework coherent with EU and Europe and Training 2020 Strategy, an action-research approach was adopted throughout the project in order to understand common features that have been replicated and scaled up since today.
Key words: Intergenerational Relationships Learning, Intergenerational Solidarity, Lifelong Learning

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Felska, Angelika. 2017. “Folk High School as an Educational Alternative for Older Adults.” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 89-102. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: There is just one challenge for a twenty-first century person, and it is an omnipresent change. In order to exist successfully and effectively in such a reality, one should constantly develop and take part in an educational process (formal and informal). A huge number of places directing their educational offer to seniors and use this alternative education, which is, on the other hand, often thought to be directed to children. In the author’s opinion, a form of alternative education for adults and seniors is a folk high school in its contemporary version. That thesis is being discussed in this chapter.
Key words: Alternative Education, Folk High Schools, Lifelong Learning

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Hasmanová Marhánková, Jaroslava. 2017. “Seductive Solutions, Inspiration, Easy-to-Remember Phrases, and Ambiguity: Why Is the Idea of Active Ageing so Successful?” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 7-25. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: The idea of active ageing has become one of the most influential perspectives in modern gerontology, social work, and social policy. This paper discusses factors that helped to establish active ageing as a successful theoretical concept that has significantly influenced contemporary social representations of ageing and has a practical impact on social work and policy. The perspective of the philosophy of social science is employed to explain what makes the idea of active ageing so attractive despite the remaining confusions concerning what “activity” and “ageing actively” means. The paper aims to answer the following question: What makes the concept of active ageing so successful? It draws upon the work of Murray Davis (1986) and her insight into the key aspects that make sociological theory “seductive.” The paper analyzes in what ways the concept of active ageing fulfills the specific features that, according to Davis, determine the success of social theories. Simultaneously, the paper critically evaluates the ways the idea of active ageing is translated into ageing policy. The case of Czech Republic is used to illustrate the problematic aspect of active ageing policies as well as the specific rhetoric that makes the idea of active ageing so attractive for a broad spectrum of disciplines as well as for social policy.
Key words: Active Ageing, Policy Ideas, Sociological Theory

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Hlebec, Valentina, and Tatjana Rakar. 2017. “Ageing Policies in Slovenia: Before and After “Austerity”.” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 27-51. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: Similarly, to other European countries, Slovenia is facing ageing of the population. The European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations in 2012 (EY2012) and the recent economic crisis have influenced social policy in the area of ageing and care for older people. While the EY2012 has raised awareness about issues related to the ageing of the population, the economic crisis after 2008 has put pressure on the welfare system. The purpose of the chapter is to examine the influences of the EY2012 together with the changes in social policies, i.e., austerity measures, which were the results of economic crisis. We analyzed the dominant trends in the development of the care for older people (including both institutional care and home care services), starting from 1992, when Slovenia gained independence, until the recent economic crisis. We have confirmed the main thesis, claiming that the EY2012 had beneficial effects in raising the awareness about population ageing in general population, but was not followed by the policy development, which would be useful for older people. Moreover, the social policy development was marked by results of austerity measures, which significantly worsen the quality of life of older people and their families.
Key words: Austerity, Care Services, Economic Crisis, Long-Term Care

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Kamińska, Krystyna. 2017. “(Un)Obvious Education, or Complexities of the Polish Education Aimed at Older People.” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 121-147. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: The contemporary combination of information infrastructure with the commonly experienced transformation of knowledge created, in relation to education especially for older adults, an entirely new area of activeness. In accordance with the social awareness, education became an accessible good regardless of age. In this context, the maximal extending of the potential group of education receivers means, on the one hand, meeting the real social expectations towards so-called educational services. On the other hand, it is another challenge which the contemporary education faces. Unfortunately, the system of permanent education was not created in Poland since what is missing is both the strategy and some practical resolutions enabling old people the access to education with regards to their educational. Presently, the University of the Third Age is the only solution in the educational offer. In order to change the present status quo, what is needed is the re-definition of education and the modern perception of education and then perhaps, there will appear, the expected, by the senior citizens, module educational solutions providing them not only with the competencies but also the acknowledged certificate confirming their knowledge.
Key words: Ageism, Culture, Old Age, Education of Older Adults

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Leszko, Magdalena, and Beata Bugajska. 2017. “The Evaluation of Employment Policies for Older Adults in the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia.” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 69-87. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: Adults aged 65 and above comprise the fastest growing sector of the world’s population. In the context of increasing numbers of older adults, employment policies have become a prominent issue. Governments recognize the importance of increasing participation in working age population and providing them with equal workplace opportunities. Yet, it appears that policies raising employment rates of older adults have become a slogan that governments use for election purposes, but the reality is different. In the groundbreaking report “Working Better with Age: Poland” prepared by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2015), Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia belong to a group of countries where the increase in the employment rate of older adults is well below the OECD average. The objective of our critical review is to evaluate current employment policies for older adults, including but not limited to healthy work conditions, age management strategies, employment services for older workers, and strategies implemented to prevent age discrimination, in these three countries. This article also discusses the reasons for the reduction in the employment of older adults, the current barriers in employing older adults that require governments’ attention, and suggests solutions for creating an age-friendly labor market that can effectively make use of older adults’ competencies. Employment rates for people of different ages are significantly affected by government policies with regard to higher education, pensions, and retirement age.
Key words: Age Management, Employment Policies, Protection Programs

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Rasnača, Liga, and Endija Rezgale-Straidoma. 2017. “Intergenerational Cultural Programs for Older People in Long-term Care Institutions: Latvian Case.” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 189-219. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: An ageing population is a global phenomenon that takes place in Latvia, too. The active ageing policy is a social response to social challenges caused by demographic changes. Growing generational gap is a challenge to all “greying societies” in Europe and Latvia in particular. The active ageing policy is oriented to provide possibilities for older adults to live independently. However, long-term care institutions (LTCIs) remain necessary, especially for those who live alone and have serious health problems. LTCIs are mostly orientated to provide primary needs and health care. People regardless of their age also need a social and cultural life, but for older people who live in LTCIs, it is insufficient. The study shows those who are residing in LTCIs settings are subject to everyday routine. LTCIs care provision is very much dependent on the authorities of the institution. The insufficient level of interaction between older people and the more active part of society prevents the finding of effective ways of achieving that the care in LTCIs is in accordance with the active ageing policy. The study aims to find out ways how intergenerational cultural programs of professional and amateur activities are implemented in LTCIs. The study uses a qualitative approach to explore how LTCIs intergenerational cultural programs are helping to keep our youngest and oldest generations connected.
Key words: Intergenerational Solidarity, Cultural Programs, Active Ageing, Long-Term Care Institution, Generational Gap

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Sariipek, Doga Basar, and Seyran Gürsoy Çuhadar. 2017. “Implementation of a “Self-Sufficient Ageing” Policy and Possible Challenges: Case of Turkey.” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 221-256. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: The policies of socioeconomic protection of older adults in most parts of the world are being redesigned in the scope of value-added targets, such as active ageing, successful ageing, or creative ageing. The main purpose here is, of course, enabling older adults self-sufficient and beneficial both for themselves and their social environment, instead of being simply the passive beneficiaries of the public support mechanisms. Turkey has a population which is still young but ageing very rapidly and will reach to the same point as Europe today in a relatively much shorter time. However, the country still seems to be away from conducting systematic and holistic measures, except for a few ineffective strategy papers and legal regulations. Therefore, Turkey must immediately design a new policy agenda in conformity with its traditional and historical advantages. Revitalizing the intergenerational solidarity bonds, in this regard, may be the best cost-effective solution to complement formal measures in the provision of social protection and in the process of active ageing. However, this traditional protection net is under attack of increasingly transforming socioeconomic conditions. Consequently, as one of the most rapidly ageing countries in the world, Turkey should immediately stimulate studies and debates over a healthy, functional, and effective ageing period and caring issues. Otherwise, governments will be blindsided by the socioeconomic, psychological, cultural, and physiological problems related to the ageing process. In the light of these facts, the main purpose of this study is to discuss policy recommendations to create a self-sufficient ageing period for older adults in the context of Turkish case.
Key words: Ageing, Third Age, Fourth Age, Older Persons Care, Turkey, Informal Care

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Selecký, Erik. 2017. “Organization of International Educational Activities at the Universities of the Third Age.” In Selected Contemporary Challenges of Ageing Policy, edited by Łukasz Tomczyk and Andrzej Klimczuk, 103-120. Kraków: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie.

Abstract: The organization of an international education activity has its specifics compared to a national one. It is very important to know the differences in the very organization as well as the opinions of the individual participants. We can find differences not only in the management of education but also in the leisure activities, the nourishment, and the accommodation. Based on experiences with the organization of international events and taking part in international projects in the field of educating older adults, we put together a questionnaire to investigate some important questions related to the organization of an international event. We distributed this questionnaire at two international educational activities. We compiled the questions and answer clearly, which is going to be an asset particularly for the professional community.
Key words: International Cooperation, Lifelong Learning, University of the Third Age

Generations, Intergenerational Relationships, Generational Policy: A Multilingual Compendium - Edition 2017

Monographs
Kurt Lüscher, Andreas Hoff, Andrzej Klimczuk, Giovanni Lamura, Marta Renzi, Paulo de Salles Oliveira, Mariano Sánchez, Gil Viry, Eric Widmer, Ágnes Neményi, Enikő Veress, Cecilia Bjursell, Ann-Kristin Boström, Gražina Rapolienė, Sarmitė Mikulionienė, Sema Oğlak, Ayşe Canatan, Ana Vujović, Ajda Svetelšek, Nedim Gavranović, Olga Ivashchenko, Valentina Shipovskaya, Qing Lin, Xiying Wang
K. Lüscher, A. Klimczuk (eds.), Generations, intergenerational relationships, generational policy: A multilingual compendium (Pokolenia, relacje międzypokoleniowe, polityka relacji międzypokoleniowych. Kompendium wielojęzyczne), 17 languages, Universität Konstanz, Konstanz 2017, 428pp.
Publication year: 2017

Członkowie Międzynarodowej Sieci Relacji Międzypokoleniowych (Generationes) z dumą prezentują najnowsze wydanie wspólnie opracowanego kompendium “Pokolenia, relacje międzypokoleniowe, polityka relacji międzypokoleniowych”.

Nowa wersja zawiera 17 języków: angielski, francuski, niemiecki, włoski, hiszpański, polski, portugalski, szwedzki, węgierski, turecki, rumuński, litewski, słoweński (nowy), bośniacki (nowy), ukraiński (nowy), rosyjski (nowy) i chiński (nowy).

Układ kompendium został zaprojektowany tak, aby możliwe było stosowanie go do tłumaczenia konkretnych pojęć i terminologii z zakresu badań nad pokoleniami i relacjami międzypokoleniowymi z jednego języka na inny.

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The members of the International Network for the Analysis of Intergenerational Relations (Generationes) proudly present the most recent issue of the jointly produced compendium “Generations, Intergenerational Relations and Generational Policy”.

This new version includes 17 languages: English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Hungarian, Turkish, Romanian, Lithuanian, Slovenian (new), Bosnian (new), Ukrainian (new), Russian (new) and Chinese (new).

The layout of the compendium is designed for using it to translate the specific concepts and terminology of research into generations and intergenerational relations from one language into another.

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Generationen, Generationenbeziehungen, Generationenpolitik. Ein mehrsprachiges Kompendium

Generations, intergenerational relationships, generational policy: A multilingual compendium

Générations, relations intergénérationelles, politiques de générations. Un abrégé multilingue

Generaciones, relaciones intergeneracionales, política generacional. Un compendio multilingüe

Generazioni, relazioni intergenerazionali, politica generazionale. Un compendio multilingue

Pokolenia, relacje międzypokoleniowe, polityka relacji międzypokoleniowych. Wielojęzyczne kompendium

Gerações, relações intergeracionais, política geracional. Um compêndio multilíngue

Nemzedékek, nemzedékek közötti kapcsolatok, nemzedéki politika. Többnyelvű kompendium

Generații. Politici generaționale și relații intergeneraționale. Un compendiu multilingvistic

Generationer, relationer mellan generationer, generationspolicy. Ett mångspråkigt kompendium

Kartos, kartų santykiai, kartų politika. Daugiakalbis kompendiumas

Kuşaklar, kuşaklararası ilişkiler, kuşak politikasi. Çok dilli bir Rehber

Generacije, medgeneracijski odnosi, medgeneracijska politika. Kompendij v več jezikih

Generacije, međugeneracijski odnosi, generacijska politika. Višejezični kompendium

Покоління (генерації), міжгенераційні відносини, політика міжгенераційних відносин. Багатомовний компендіум

Поколения, межпоколенческие отношения, межпоколенческая политика. Многоязыковой компендиум

代,代际关系,代际政策. 多语言版本

Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy, Volume II: Putting Theory into Practice

Monographs
Andrzej Klimczuk
A. Klimczuk, Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy, Volume II: Putting Theory into Practice, Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2017, 410pp.
Publication year: 2017

Abstract

This book shows that global population ageing is an opportunity to improve the quality of human life rather than a threat to economic competitiveness and stability. It describes the concept of the creative ageing policy as a mix of the silver economy, the creative economy, and the social and solidarity economy for older people. The second volume of Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy focuses on the public policy and management concepts related to the use of the opportunities that are created by population ageing. Klimczuk covers theoretical analyses and case study descriptions of good practices to suggest strategies that could be internationally popularized. Each chapter includes exercises and assignments for both students and those who are likely to apply the presented concepts in practice.
Contents:
Foreword by Richard Adler
Foreword by Dominic Campbell
Introduction
1 The Politics of Ageing and the Challenges of Ageing Populations
2 Understanding Public Policy on Ageing
3 Sociological and Gerontological Perspectives on Ageing, Creativity, and the Third Age
4 Diversity of Ageing Policy Concepts
5 The Emergence of the Creative Ageing Movement
6 Aims and Challenges of the Creative Ageing Policy
7 Principles, Governance, and Coproduction of the Creative Ageing Policy
8 Organizational Forms and Management for the Building of Creative Capital of Older People
Conclusion
Afterword by Andreas Hoff and Kurt Lüscher
Afterword by Suchandrima Chakraborty
Afterword by Jorge Felix

Generations, intergenerational relationships, generational policy: A multilingual compendium

Monographs
Kurt Lüscher, Andreas Hoff, Andrzej Klimczuk, Giovanni Lamura, Marta Renzi, Paulo de Salles Oliveira, Mariano Sánchez, Gil Viry, Eric Widmer, Ágnes Neményi, Enikő Veress, Cecilia Bjursell, Ann-Kristin Boström, Gražina Rapolienė, Sarmitė Mikulionienė, Sema Oğlak, Ayşe Canatan
K. Lüscher, M. Sánchez, A. Klimczuk (eds.), Generations, intergenerational relationships, generational policy: A multilingual compendium (Pokolenia, relacje międzypokoleniowe, polityka relacji międzypokoleniowych. Wielojęzyczne kompendium), 12 languages, Universität Konstanz, Konstanz 2016, 300s.
Publication year: 2016

The members of the International Network for the Analysis of Intergenerational Relations (Generationes) proudly present the most recent issue of the jointly produced compendium “Generations, Intergenerational Relations and Generational Policy”.

This new version includes 12 languages: English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish (new), Hungarian (new), Turkish (new), Romanian (new), and Lithuanian (new). The layout of the compendium is designed for using it to translate the specific concepts and terminology of research into generations and intergenerational relations from one language into another.

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Członkowie Międzynarodowej Sieci Relacji Międzypokoleniowych (Generationes) z dumą prezentują najnowsze wydanie wspólnie opracowanego kompendium “Pokolenia, relacje międzypokoleniowe, polityka relacji międzypokoleniowych”.

Nowa wersja zawiera 12 języków: angielski, francuski, niemiecki, włoski, hiszpański, polski, portugalski, szwedzki (nowy), węgierski (nowy), turecki (nowy), rumuński (nowy) oraz litewski (nowy). Układ kompendium został zaprojektowany tak, aby możliwe było stosowanie go do tłumaczenia konkretnych pojęć i terminologii z zakresu badań nad pokoleniami i relacjami międzypokoleniowymi z jednego języka na inny.

Generations, intergenerational relationships, generational policy: A multilingual compendium

Monographs
Kurt Lüscher, Andreas Hoff, Giovanni Lamura & Marta Renzi, Mariano Sánchez, Gil Viry & Eric Widmer, Andrzej Klimczuk, Paulo de Salles Oliveira
K. Lüscher, A. Hoff, G. Lamura, M. Renzi, M. Sánchez, G. Viry, E. Widmer, A. Klimczuk, P. de Salles Oliveira, Generations, intergenerational relationships, generational policy: A multilingual compendium (Pokolenia, relacje międzypokoleniowe, polityka relacji międzypokoleniowych. Wielojęzyczne kompendium), Universität Konstanz, Konstanz 2015, 211pp.
Publication year: 2015

The members of the International Network for the Analysis of Intergenerational Relations (Generationes) proudly present the most recent issue of the jointly produced compendium “Generations, Intergenerational Relations and Generational Policy”.

This new version includes seven languages (English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish (New) and Portuguese (New)). Its layout is designed for using it to translate the specific concepts and terminology of research into generations and intergenerational relations from one language into another.

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Członkowie Międzynarodowej Sieci Relacji Międzypokoleniowych (Generationes) z dumą prezentują najnowsze wydanie wspólnie opracowanego kompendium “Pokolenia, relacje międzypokoleniowe, polityka relacji międzypokoleniowych”.

Nowa wersja zawiera siedem języków (angielski, francuski, niemiecki, włoski, hiszpański, polski (nowy) i portugalski (nowy)). Układ kompendium został zaprojektowany tak, aby pozwalało na stosowanie go do tłumaczenia konkretnych pojęć i terminologii badań nad pokoleniami i relacjami międzypokoleniowymi z jednego języka na inny.

Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy, Volume I: Context and Considerations

Monographs
Andrzej Klimczuk
A. Klimczuk, Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy, Volume I: Context and Considerations, Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2015, 252p.
Publication year: 2015

Abstract

Ageing populations are a major consideration for socio-economic development in the early twenty first century. This demographic change is mainly seen as a threat rather than as an opportunity to improve the quality of human life, especially in Europe, where ageing has resulted in a reduction in economic competitiveness. Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy mixes the silver economy, the creative economy, and the social economy to construct positive solutions for an ageing population. Klimczuk covers theoretical analyses and case study descriptions of good practices to suggest strategies that could be internationally popularized.
Contents:
Foreword by Harry R. Moody
Foreword by Kathrin Komp
Introduction
1. Old Age as a Stage in the Life Course and the Life Cycle
2. Forms of Older People’s Capital
3. Creativity and Ageing: Concepts and Controversies
4. Mixed Economy and Multisectoral Approach to Population Ageing
5. Silver, Creative, and Social Economies as Positive Responses to Population Ageing
6. Benefits at the Interface Between Economic Systems
Conclusion
Afterword by Lukasz Tomczyk

Aging in the Social Space

Monographs
Andrzej Klimczuk, Łukasz Tomczyk
Ł. Tomczyk, A. Klimczuk, Aging in the Social Space, The Association of Social Gerontologists, Białystok-Kraków 2015.
Publication year: 2015

Abstract

A publication called Aging in the Social Space is a compilation of studies, which deal with theoretical understanding and empirical solutions, learning about problem spheres, specifying content parallels of social, legal, economic, moral and ethical views on senior issues in society, which are closely related to each other and are interconnected.
This publication focus on the case study of Poland. It is supposed to provide a multidimensional view of old age issues and issues related to aging and care for old people in society. We believe that it is natural also to name individual spheres, in which society has some eff ect, either direct or indirect, within issues concerning seniors. Learning about these spheres is the primary prerequisite for successful use of social help to seniors in society.

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“The work elaborates a very important topic of our time, this is of an aging population, which many countries with their established social, political, legislative, health and other systems are not prepared for. The authors compared the global data on the aging of the population with information relating to the aging of the population in Poland.

This publication consists of two large chapters with subheadings. In the first part the authors describe the elderly in social area and in the second part of a social policy relating to older people. The first part explains the different concepts and presents a new paradigm, which refers to the phenomenon of active aging. The second part presents the analysis of the aging population in selected major cities and presents documents and strategies necessary for further development of the quality of life of elderly people. The case studies technique enables the authors the identification of a number of factors and in-depth analysis of researched topics for each city. Theoretical bases complement to the research findings of other authors and adds their findings.”

Doc. dr Bojana Filej, the Alma Mater Europaea – European Center, Maribor, Slovenia

“The publication, in my humble opinion, can be dedicated primarily to researchers of social gerontology topics, primarily students from the humanities and social sciences. Given the systematic increase in the number of people from abroad studying in Poland (including the Erasmus program) this book can also be used as teaching material to courses on subjects such as: geragogics, social gerontology, social pedagogy and sociology .”

Prof. dr hab. Jan Maciejewski, the University of Wrocław, Poland

Kapitał społeczny ludzi starych na przykładzie mieszkańców miasta Białystok (Social Capital of Old People on the Example of Bialystok Residents)

Monographs
Andrzej Klimczuk
A. Klimczuk, Kapitał społeczny ludzi starych na przykładzie mieszkańców miasta Białystok (Social Capital of Old People on the Example of Bialystok Residents), Wiedza i Edukacja, Lublin 2012, 270p.
Publication year: 2012

Abstract

“Kapitał społeczny ludzi starych na przykładzie mieszkańców miasta Białystok” to książka oparta na analizach teoretycznych i empirycznych, która przedstawia problem diagnozowania i używania kapitału społecznego ludzi starych w procesach rozwoju lokalnego i regionalnego. Kwestia ta jest istotna ze względu na zagrożenia i wyzwania związane z procesem szybkiego starzenia się społeczeństwa polskiego na początku XXI wieku. Opracowanie stanowi próbę sformułowania odpowiedzi na pytania: jaki jest stan kapitału społecznego ludzi starych mieszkających w Białymstoku, jakim ulega przemianom i jakie jest jego zróżnicowanie?
Ludzie starzy są tu postrzegani jako kategoria społeczna, czyli zbiór osób podobnych do siebie pod względem społecznie istotnych cech (takich jak wiek, posiadane role społeczne i świadomość korzystania ze świadczeń społecznych), którzy są świadomi tego podobieństwa i swojej odrębności od innych. Przyjmuje się ponadto, iż osoby takie przekroczyły 60. rok życia. Zakłada się też, że w zasobach ludzkich skumulowany jest kapitał ludzki, społeczny i kulturowy. Kapitał społeczny jest tu ujmowany szeroko jako potencjał współdziałania osadzony w powiązaniach międzyludzkich i normach społecznych, który może przynosić korzyści osobom, grupom i społeczeństwom.
W części teoretycznej przedstawiono informacje o starości jako etapie w życiu jednostki, wyjaśniono pojęcie ludzi starych, omówiono społeczne teorie starzenia się, historyczne czynniki oddziaływające na położenie kategorii społecznej ludzi starych, zmiany ich miejsca w społeczeństwie polskim w trakcie transformacji ustrojowej i na początku XXI wieku, możliwe konsekwencje wzrostu długości życia w warunkach demokracji i kapitalizmu oraz charakterystykę problemu starzenia się ludności Białegostoku jako miasta pogranicza. Zaprezentowano też różnorodne koncepcje kapitału społecznego, sfery jego oddziaływania na rozwój społeczno-gospodarczy, jego stan w Polsce oraz wytyczne do strategicznego budowania jego zasobów. Przybliżono również wybrane informacje o aktywności ludzi starych w życiu publicznym, społecznym i gospodarczym jako kluczowych cechach ich kapitału społecznego. Porządkując różne stanowiska teoretyczne, wyniki badań i dane statystyczne, dążono do powiązania wielu rozproszonych źródeł w przekonaniu, iż jest to istotne w celu określenia i zagospodarowania zasobów kapitału społecznego seniorów, jak również niwelacji opóźnienia polskiej socjologii w zakresie badań nad ludźmi starymi. Pomimo, iż za podstawową perspektywę teoretyczną publikacji uznana została koncepcja kapitału P. Bourdieu, autor bierze również pod uwagę propozycje badawcze J.S. Colemana, R.D. Putnama, F. Fukuyamy, A. Giddensa, P. Sztompki i A. Sadowskiego.
Drugi rozdział zawiera określenie ram metodologicznych badań przeprowadzonych na potrzeby tej publikacji. Omówiono przyjęte założenia badawcze oraz przybliżono sposób i przebieg realizacji badań. Przede wszystkim zdecydowano się na korzystanie z metody jakościowej i zastosowanie techniki wywiadu swobodnego ukierunkowanego. Uznano, iż podmiotowy kontakt z ludźmi starymi umożliwi dokładniejsze rozpoznanie kontekstu, w którym znajdują się zasoby ich kapitału społecznego. Jest to ważne, gdyż przenoszenie na rodzimy grunt opracowanych za granicą interpretacji działań ludzi starych i rozwiązań aktywizujących, może okazać się nieskuteczne lub wywołać negatywne efekty zewnętrzne. Ponadto w literaturze przedmiotu zwraca się uwagę na niedostatek badań gerontologicznych zgodnych z paradygmatem interpretatywnym. Badaniu poddano 26 respondentów w wieku od 60 do 89 lat żyjących w mieście Białystok związanych z jedną z dwóch różnych instytucji: Domem Pomocy Społecznej i Uniwersytetem Trzeciego Wieku. Poprzez porównywanie osób znajdujących się na dwóch biegunach aktywności społecznej możliwe było dostrzeżenie podobieństw i różnic w ich wyposażeniu kapitałowym, a zarazem w osiągniętych w ciągu życia pozycjach w strukturze klasowej i zasobach służących pomyślnej starości6.
W trzecim rozdziale przedstawiona została część wyników analiz empirycznych. Przybliżono tu sposób, w jaki ludzie starzy myślą o podobnych sobie przodkach i osobach współczesnych, a także czynniki, w zależności od których zmienia się ich pozycja społeczna w mieście oraz problemy społeczne, jakie uznają za najważniejsze dla ludzi starych. Analizie poddano opinie o ich czasie wolnym, szansach i barierach aktywności ekonomicznej. Wyróżniono typy kapitału społecznego ludzi starych w zależności od instytucji, z którymi są związani oraz podejścia do postrzegania i wykorzystywania zróżnicowania wewnętrznego seniorów. Omówiono wizerunek seniorów w środkach masowego przekazu.
Publikacja nie zawiera ścisłego zakończenia. W ostatnim rozdziale wskazano jedynie na główne wnioski płynące z badań oraz na potencjalne dalsze kierunki analiz. Uzupełnienie tego podejścia stanowią zamieszczone w aneksie zestawienia oddolnych technik budowania kapitału społecznego oraz podstawowych cech Miast Przyjaznych Starszemu Wiekowi. Z opracowania tego z pewnością będą mogli skorzystać nie tylko naukowcy zajmujący się tematyką ludzi starych, ale i pracownicy socjalni, politycy, pracodawcy, przedstawiciele mediów i organizacji pozarządowych oraz obywatele Białegostoku i innych miast.
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“Social Capital of Old People on the Example of Bialystok Residents” is a book based on theoretical and empirical study, which presents an issue of diagnosing and using of old people social capital in the local and regional development processes. This issue is significant because of the threats and challenges associated with process of rapid ageing of Polish society at the beginning of 21st century. Publication, in particular, is an attempt to give answers to the following questions: what is the state of old people social capital in Bialystok, what transformations it undergoes and how is it differentiated?
In this study old people are viewed as a social category, which is a set of people similar to each other in terms of socially significant features (such as age, possessed social roles and awareness of received social benefits), who are aware of these similarities and differences between each other. Moreover, it is assumed, that such persons exceeded the 60 years of age. It is also assumed that human, social and cultural capital is accumulated in the human resources. Social capital is recognized here broadly as a potential for collaboration embedded in interpersonal relationships and social norms that may benefit individuals, groups and societies.
The book consists of three chapters. The first, which is the theoretical part of work, includes information about: old age as a stage of individual life and explanation of the old people notion. It discusses social theories of ageing, historical factors affecting on the social position of old people category, changes in their place in Polish society during the system transformation and in the early 21st century. It describes the possible consequences of increased life expectancy for democracy and capitalism – including the concepts of society for all ages, silver economy. It also features ageing population issue, as well as social policy towards the elderly and old age in Bialystok as the borderland city.
A variety of social capital concepts were presented; the spheres of its influence on socio-economic development, its status in Poland and guidelines for strategic building of its resources. Selected information on the activity of old people in public, social and economic life as key features of their social capital was brought closer.
Putting various theoretical positions, results of research and statistical data in order was aimed to link many dispersed sources considering that it is relevant to identify and develop seniors’ social capital resources, as well as leveling the delay of Polish sociology research on the elderly. Fundamental theoretical perspective of publication is the concept of capital according to P. Bourdieu. However, the proposals of J.S. Coleman, R.D. Putnam, F. Fukuyama, A. Giddens, P. Sztompka and A. Sadowski were also used.
The second chapter contains a methodological framework for the purposes of study. Research assumptions, method and course of implementation of studies were discussed. The study is based on the qualitative method and the application of in-depth interview techniques. It was considered that the personal contact with old people will be more accurate than other research techniques to identify the context in which they social capital resources can be found. It is important because the transfer of developed abroad activating solutions and interpretations of old people actions may be ineffective or have negative external effects in the Polish context.
Moreover, in the Polish science literature attention is paid to scarcity of gerontological research in accordance with the interpretive paradigm. Study involved 26 respondents aged 60 to 89 years living in Bialystok associated with one of two different institutions: nursing home for the elderly and University of the Third Age. By comparing the persons on two extremes of social activity it was possible to see similarities and differences in their capital equipment, and also in achievements of the life positions in the class structure and resources aimed at successful ageing.
The third chapter presents the empirical analysis of the research results. This part outlines the way in which old people think about their ancestors and contemporary people. It also shows factors according to changes in their social position in the city, social issues which they consider most important for old people, their opinions about leisure time, opportunities and barriers of economic activity and types of old people social capital depending on the institution with which they are associated. Approach to the perception and use of internal disparities of seniors were also discussed. The analysis additionally contains the evaluation of senior citizens image in the polish mass media.
This publication does not contain a strict ending. It only identifies the main conclusions of the research and potential directions of future analysis. Above all, older people could improve their position not by demanding increases in social benefits from which major parts are often taken away by their family members, but by highlighting their human, social and cultural capital. It is necessary to create favorable conditions for social and professional life of old people and their cooperation with members of local communities. Important role in this regard is played by institutions implementing three tasks: stimulating senior citizens’ desire to satisfy previously unrealized needs; creating relationships between them so that they can solve their own problems and work for the others; and providing legal, social and vocational guidance. Stimulating cooperation between existing public, commercial and non-governmental sector organizations may serve to achieve these goals. The dissemination of bottom-up techniques of social capital building and checklist of essential features of Age-friendly Cities may also be important.

Experts and Cultural Narcissism: Relations in the Early 21st Century

Monographs
Klimczuk, Andrzej
A. Klimczuk, Experts and Cultural Narcissism: Relations in the Early 21st Century, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Saarbrücken 2012, 88p.
Publication year: 2012

Abstract

Local and global dependencies and interactions between individuals, groups and institutions are becoming increasingly opaque and risky. This is due to increased importance of highly complex abstract systems created and supported in order to maintain of transport, communications, finance, energy, media, security infrastructure, as well as social and cultural institutions. These systems require the knowledge and skills of experts. Professionals that not only satisfy identified needs, but also create new thereby contribute the development of cultural narcissism phenomenon. The aim of the book is to discuss relations of experts and mass narcissism, on the background of shaping the knowledge societies and knowledge-based economies, and moreover their transformations towards the societies and economies based on creativity and wisdom. Undertaken analysis is contribute to sociology of expertise and intervention by indicating four selected contemporary issues: dilemmas of the knowledge society development; selection between trust substitutes and its reconstruction methods; transformations of social stratification; and the choice of pathways to socio-economic development.